Protecting the world’s freshwater resources requires diagnosing threats over a broad range of scales, from global to local. The study presents the first worldwide synthesis to jointly consider human and biodiversity perspectives on water security using a spatial framework that quantifies multiple stressors and accounts for downstream impacts.
These pages contain environmental data (biodiversity, human settlements, vulnerability, land, etc) presented in map format.
Red areas where high percentage of children with stunted growth - used as a proxy for poverty - coincide with a high freshwater biodiversity index - a proxy for biodiversity - likely indicate areas in which poor people have no other choice than to unsustainably extract resources, in turn threatening biodiversity.
This map may be used to show areas in which biodiversity is threatened in relation to poverty on a continental scale. Areas where high percentage of underweight children - used as a proxy for poverty - coincide with a high occurrence of amphibian species and endemic bird areas - a proxy for biodiversity - may indicate areas in which poor people likely have no other choice than the unsustainable extraction of resources, in turn threatening biodiversity .
Since the Rio Conference of 1992, which declared the conservation of biodiversity and the creation of national parks to be priorities, resettlements resulting from conservation projects in Central Africa have been on the increase, as people living inside protected areas are relocated. Hardly any of these resettlements have been successful. There has been resistance to moving in the first place, and even returns to former villages inside the national parks. Resettlement is still the most common way to deal with people who happen to live in African national parks, but the risks which arise from these resettlements have led some scientists to rethink their position.
This article focuses on the Congo River Basin. It reviews the only ‘official’ relocation programme in the region (Korup National Park, Cameroon) and evaluates different approaches of national parks in Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo (Brazzaville) and Gabon. The author uses the Impoverishment Risk and Reconstruction model introduced by Cernea to evaluate the risks faced by the resettled populations, and to elaborate some social and environmental guidelines to mitigate them.
International Development Secretary Andrew Mitchell has confirmed that the UK will provide new support to the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
The GEF provides grants to developing countries for projects related to issues such as biodiversity, climate change and land degradation. As an independent financial organisation uniting governments, international institutions, NGOs and the private sector, the GEF supports projects that both benefit the global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods.
The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) is helping Guatemala advance in its efforts to protect and sustainably develop the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Central America’s largest protected area.
The reserve, home to a complex system of natural forests, magnificent archeological sites and unique biodiversity, has come under pressure from a proliferation of illegal settlements and economic activities, ranging from smuggling of rare woods and wildlife to the exploration of oil fields and unsustainable farming, ranching and logging.
Protection of endangered Siberian Crane and crucial wetland sites connects biodiversity and human developmentPosted on: 28 June 2010 - 3:15pm
New conservation plans for the Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus covering its entire range and migration routes that span continents have now been endorsed to save the species from extinction. During its annual migration, the Siberian Crane travels 5,000 kilometers from its breeding grounds in Yakutia and western Siberia, intermediate resting and feeding places, to its wintering sites in southern China and Iran respectively.
In many ways St Martin’s serves as a useful microcosm for Bangladesh; the tremendous pressure on natural resources as a result of a large population in limited area are played out on St Martin’s as well as across the whole country. As such, UNDP is working to help St Martin’s and Bangladesh as a whole develop strategies to offset or avoid biodiversity reduction.