Finding Potential Sites for Small-Scale Hydro Power in Uganda: a Step to Assist the Rural Electrification by the Use of GISPosted on: 22 July 2008 - 4:19pm
Over 2 billion people, mostly in developing countries, have no access to modern fuels or electricity. The necessity of clean, efficient, reliable and affordable energy services is a crucial issue in developing countries, especially in the context of rural areas where the majority of the people lives. Renewable energy sources in shape of small-scale hydropower systems are a complement or alternative to grid extension.
More than 80% of Tanzania’s population is employed by agriculture, largely more than 95% being on smallholder scales. Currently out of 1 million hectares of irrigable land, only 25% of the area is under irrigation, fully or supplemental. On the other hand about 69% of the electrical energy in the national grid is hydropower.
Hydropower is the backbone of the Bhutanese economy. The rugged terrain, compounded by the fact that the Country is land locked does not provide much economic advantage. Transportation costs are high and unless Bhutan can think of certain niche products, exports are not going to be competitive. The decision by the Royal Government to exploit its water resources for production of electricity has changed the economic scenario for Bhutan. The rapid altitudinal variations with swift flowing rivers has made Bhutan a natural haven for hydro power production.
Sustainable development will only happen if poverty is tackled and the environment is protected. ITDG Practical Action and Greenpeace believe that poverty can be tackled without costing the Earth. Crucial to both is the rapid expansion of clean, sustainable and renewable energy.
Energy for Development: The Potential Role of Renewable Energy in Meeting the Millennium Development GoalsPosted on: 22 July 2008 - 9:25am
This paper was prepared for REN21, the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, which was an outcome of the Bonn International Conference for Renewable Energies in 2004. By sharing their experiences and expertise, the participants in REN21 seek to advance understanding of the potential contribution of renewable energy to achieving sustainable development.
Improving access to reliable and affordable energy sources is an important measure to facilitate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). In the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, committed in the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) in 2002, increased use of renewable energy is recognized as a means to improve access to energy services for sustainable development. By definition, renewable energy is constantly replenished and will never run out, unlike fossil fuels. Renewable energy includes hydropower, solar energy, biomass, etc.
Partners for Africa project has been deeply engaged in the support of policy making activities in South Africa and Zambia. Emphasis has also been put on a wider use of renewable energy and modern biomass for a sustainable energy future since modern biomass offers the poor new options for sustainable livelihoods. Another aspect explored throughout the project is the potential use of liquid biofuels for transport and cooking in African countries.
This is the project newsletter's second issue.
Renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) development is an integral part of the World Bank Group (WBG) energy strategy as it strives to support sustainable economic development in its partner countries. Energy affects all aspects of development – social, economic, and environmental – including livelihoods, access to water, agricultural productivity, health, population levels, education, and gender-related issues. None of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be met without major improvement in the quality and quantity of energy services in developing countries.
Renewable energy technologies for poverty alleviation - South Africa: biodiesel and solar water heatersPosted on: 14 July 2008 - 3:31pm
South Africa, like other transitional countries, faces the dual challenge of pursuing economic growth and environmental protection. Sustainable energy systems, based on renewable energy (RE) resources, offer the possibility of doing both. The implementation of RE technologies faces a major challenge because South Africa has large coal deposits and its electricity generated from coal is among the cheapest in the world. Currently less than 1% of the 200,000 GWh of electricity generated in the country originates from renewable sources (DME, 2003a).
The Government’s White Paper on Renewable Energy Policy (2003) supports the establishment of RE technologies, targeting the provision of 10,000 GWh of electricity from renewable resources by 2013. This has the potential to create 35,000 jobs, adding R5 billion to the GDP and R687 million to the incomes of low-income households (DME, 2004). Solar water heating and biodiesel have the greatest potential to contribute to meeting the target.
In this report, two RE technologies – solar water heaters (SWHs) and biodiesel – have been identified where renewable energy could make a significant contribution towards poverty alleviation in terms of improving the general welfare of households as well as developing productive activities to generate employment.
ADB has approved a US$33.1 million loan to promote the generation of clean renewable energy from agricultural biomass wastes in the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Efficient Utilization of Agricultural Wastes Project will help clean up the environment, promote economic growth, and reduce poverty by encouraging biomass-based systems on farms in the provinces of Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, and Shanxi.
Biomass technology uses rural waste products such as farm household waste, crop straw and residues and animal droppings. These wastes are presently disposed of inappropriately, causing emission of greenhouse gases, and air, land, and water pollution.