This booklet aims to highlight the key water-related challenges developing countries face, give examples of approaches that have worked based on the experience of UNDP and its partners, and make recommendations concerning policy. It is organized in chapters that correspond to the areas targeted by the Millennium Development Goals.
Lilo-an's coastline is clearing up of pollution as a new decentralized wastewater treatment facility began treating the town's wastewater. Inaugurated in 2005, the facility was the brainchild of a unique partnership between the Lilo-an municipal government, the national government's Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
This paper is a set of the author's reflections on the issues surrounding access to water that face some of the poorest countries and most deprived people in those countries. It discusses the nature of poverty in the context of water and sanitation.
The purpose of the project is to contribute to the existing research/knowledge on urban wastewater use for agriculture in India by:
(i) undertaking primary research on current practices, costs and benefits of wastewater use in agriculture vis-à-vis social, economic, health and environmental parameters
(ii) identifying best practices for mitigation of negative impacts
(iii) assessing the replicability of potential cost-effective technologies in different agro-climatic and socio cultural set-ups
This report provides background information on an announced cooperation agreement between the European Union and Lesotho. The country strategy focuses on water, sanitation and roads which help to support Lesotho's booming garment and textile industry. It will also help the government’s battle against HIV/AIDS. The EU intends to allocate a total of €110 million to Lesotho over the next five years.
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The key questions this paper addresses are: 1) What is a specific poverty-reduction approach to water supply, sanitation provision and hygiene promotion and 2) What is the best way to make this approach work?
Immediate answers would seem to be: 1) An approach which raises the living standards of the poor and 2) By identifying and addressing the principal reasons for poverty. In both cases the solution in the water and sanitation sector require an adaptation of past practice.
Across much of the developing world, a silent tsunami is raging: for lack of clean water and sanitation, as many poor people are dying each month as perished during the Southeast Asian tsunami of December 2004. An estimated 6 million died in 2003, according to the World Health Organization, many of them young children. In addition to death and illness, a loss of hope and opportunity are direct consequences of water-borne and related diseases. But unlike the tsunami that devastated Southeast Asia, this one can be stopped.
The President of Malawi launched the Malawi Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) in April 2002. The planned activities within it are grouped according to four main pillars of poverty reduction:
1. Rapid sustainable pro-poor economic growth and structural transformation
2. Human capital development
3. Improvement of the quality of life of the most vulnerable
4. Good governance
Despite the accepted importance of water supply and sanitation concerns, preliminary analysis of emerging Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) in sub-Saharan Africa indicated that these concerns have not been adequately reflected. If water supply and sanitation problems continue to be inadequately articulated in PRS processes across the region, a key opportunity for reducing poverty through addressing water-related poverty will be missed.
The strategic focus of the program is to bring closer collaboration between the Water for Food and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sectors by showing how to integrate wastewater agriculture development into holistic strategies for wastewater management and household-centered sanitation.