Madagascar’s unrivaled biodiversity is undoubtedly its biggest asset. Nearly all (90 percent) of the plant and animal species found on the island are endemic. This rich and unique mix of flora and fauna generates significant foreign exchange earnings, with up to 130,000 tourists visiting the country's 6.9 million hectares of protected areas eacy year. Other natural resources are also important at the level of the national economy. Fisheries already contribute more than 2 percent of GDP and the growing large-scale mining sector is expected to contribute 15 percent of GDP in coming years.
Over the past few decades, economics research has gone through a kind of credibility revolution. In the empirical micro-economics literature on agriculture and development, increasing attention is being paid to the empirical methodology and identifying assumptions underlying causal claims. Most influential studies are now designed according to methods that are considered the gold standard in science and allow one to rigorously test what works and why.
Restoring forests. Monitoring the loss of individual trees. Using biological fertilizers. Working with communities. What do all of these have in common?
Asia and the Pacific faces an energy dilemma. Demand is soaring but so are the region's greenhouse gas emissions.
Asia is expected to become the largest energy consuming region in the world well before 2050. At the same time, developing Asia’s share of worldwide energy-related CO2 emissions has more than doubled from 17% in 1990 to 37% in 2011, and without a change in current energy use patterns, is expected to rise to 46% by 2035. The region must also deal with the vital ‘unfinished business’ of providing electricity to around 600 million people who still lack it.
Indonesia’s mangroves are a massive storehouse of carbon and a key bargaining chip for the country in the upcoming climate change negotiations in Paris, according to the authors of a new study published in Nature Climate Change.