Land Degradation in the Developing World: Implications for Food, Agriculture, and the Environment to 2020Posted on: 13 March 2009 - 3:18pm
In 1994, the International Food Policy Research Institute (lFPRI) began an initiative for "A 2020 Vision for Food, Agriculture, and the Environment" to evaluate current conditions and trends in food production, consumption, and distribution and to facilitate an international consensus on the directions that policy should take over the next 25 years.
Developing Asia as a whole has taken remarkable strides since the food crises of the 1960s. Improvements in food security, poverty reduction, and per capita income initiated by the Green Revolution have been substantial and lasting. Per capita gross domestic product increased by 190 percent between 1970 and 1995, and calories per person per day by more than 20 percent. In 1975, one out of every two Asians lived in poverty. By 1995 this ratio fell to one in four.
This paper addresses the challenge of reducing poverty, food insecurity, and natural resource degradation, and abolishing recurrent famines in Ethiopia. With a population of about 65 million, Ethiopia is one of the largest and most populated countries in Africa. Ethiopia can be regarded as a microcosm of Africa due to its vast and diverse agro-ecology and population. Physically, it ranges from 200 meters to over 4000 meters above sea level. It has about 18 agro-ecological, zones and diverse population of some 85 ethnic or linguistic groups.
Climate change is a reality and will affect the poor in developing countries in many ways. The effectiveness of global change research could be substantially improved by linking International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) study with Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) centres based in the tropics. These centres are carrying interdisciplinary research and development on how to achieve food security and reduce rural poverty through the innovative management of natural resources.
Strategies for Stimulating Poverty-Alleviating Growth in the Rural Nonfarm Economy in Developing CountriesPosted on: 9 March 2009 - 5:42pm
The rural nonfarm economy (RNFE) accounts for roughly 25 percent of full-time rural employment and 35-40 percent of rural incomes across the developing world. This diverse collection of seasonal trading, household-based and large-scale agroprocessing, manufacturing and service activities plays a crucial role in sustaining rural populations, in servicing a growing and modern agriculture, and in supplying local consumer goods and services. In areas where landlessness prevails, rural nonfarm activity offers important economic alternatives for the rural poor.
Climate change is the most serious and biggest challenge for the extreme poor people of Bangladesh and other South-Asian nations but it has not been well communicated and understood at all levels, especially among the extreme poor segment of society, due to lack of adequate information dissemination. If we consider the case of Bangladesh, we can see that we are affected mainly in two ways.
Severe water scarcity presents the single biggest threat to future food production. Even now many freshwater sources-underground aquifers and rivers--are stressed beyond their limits. As much as 8 percent of food crops grows on farms that use groundwater faster than the aquifers are replenished, and many large rivers are so heavily diverted that they don't reach the sea for much of the year. As the number of urban dwellers climbs to five billion by 2025, farmers will have to compete even more aggressively with cities and industry for shrinking resources.
Developing Asia as a whole has taken remarkable strides since the food crises of the 1960s. Improvements in food security, poverty reduction, and per capita income initiated by the Green Revolution have been substantial and lasting. Per capita gross domestic product increased by 190 percent between 1970 and 1995, and calories per person per day by more than 20 percent.
Science and technology for sustainable food security, nutritional adequacy, and poverty alleviation in the Asia-Pacific RegionPosted on: 15 January 2009 - 2:02pm
Science and technology have played a vital role in keeping agricultural production a step ahead of rapid global population growth during the past four decades. However, Green Revolution technologies did not benefit the vast rainfed and other marginal areas with high concentrations of hunger and poverty. The new farming technologies were also not friendly to the environment, often resulting in degradation of land, water and biodiversity.
"Rarely has the World Food Day assumed greater meaning than in present times, as rapidly rising food prices risk increasing the number of hungry in the world," according to the Food And Agriculture Organization (FAO).