Livelihood in this context means the assets available to people and how they use these to sustain their living. A livelihood becomes sustainable when a family or a community has sufficient assets and the capability to use them to create a life free from hunger, disease, illiteracy and all the other factors associated with poverty.
This working paper has three elements. The first identifies the pre-eminence of a health-based view within the water and sanitation sector. This view emphasizes the health impacts of improving access to supplies of clean drinking water and better sanitation.
Within the forest sector, key constraints to improving forest-based livelihoods lie in the institutional environment and in particular in the relationships between and within the forest department, the forest users and the political (or enabling) environment.
The Western Ghats Forestry Project in Karnataka, India, the focus of this working paper, is used to illustrate the processes and problems of supporting change in the forestry institutional environment in which rural livelihoods are constructed.
The last decade has seen increasing decentralization of responsibilities for management of natural resources to the community level. The watershed development (WSD) programs being supported by the Government of India are one example of this.
This working paper presents the findings of a scoping study that aimed to identify the key issues affecting the livelihoods of the rural poor in Cambodia. The study was commissioned by the DFID Southeast Asia Natural Resources (NR) adviser. It fed into a wider process of developing a country strategy paper, which will set out how DFID aims to contribute to the international development targets for Cambodia.
Developing Methodologies for Livelihood Impact Assessment: Experience of the African Wildlife Foundation in East AfricaPosted on: 9 December 2008 - 11:12am
This paper describes how the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approach was incorporated in assessing the impact of wildlife projects in East Africa. It shows how the methodology was applied in Kenya, and includes lessons learned about its usefulness. It is part of a working paper series about the SL approach.
This paper assesses the impact that tourism has on the livelihoods of rural residents in Namibia. Using the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approach, it aims to serve two purposes:
1. To illustrate that a focus on livelihoods offers a useful perspective on tourism for enhancing local benefits.
2. To show how tourism's contribution to livelihoods can be enhanced by adjusting decisions on what is developed and how, to reflect the people's livelihood priorities.
It is part of a working paper series about the SL approach.
This paper discusses how the Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) design and framework affected two DFID projects in India. Both projects, one in Orissa and the other in Andhra Pradesh, did not explicitly use the SL framework, but the concepts did add value to the project design process. Overall, the experiences emphasized the importance of achieving a balance between responding to livelihood needs, and supporting positive directions of change. It is part of a working paper series about the SL approach.
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is the UN's coordinating agency for the rehabilitation of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors. The first quarter 2006 issue of the FAO newsletter covers their tsunami recovery programme for Indonesia. Included are features on "tambak" (fish/shrimp pond) farmer assistance, animal health workshops, and forestry rehabilitation, among others.
Given the link between human wellbeing and ecosystem services, this publication identifies the challenges to development goal delivery (improving governance of natural resources, increasing investment in sustainable management, and employing relative technologies). Also outlined are the steps that must be taken to address each challenge.