This video shows how a micro-finance support (Trike Fund) has helped tricycle drivers and operators adopt new and more efficient technologies to reduce air pollution from tricycles and provided initial capital for the development of other livelihood activities. This activity is part of the project, Air and Noise Pollution Reduction Strategies for the Tricycle Subsector, funded under the Asian Development Bank's Poverty and Environment Program.
This document provides a synthesis of key findings from 14 "Participatory Poverty Assessments" (PPAs) carried out by BirdLife Partners from Africa, the Americas and Asia. Each assessed environment-livelihoods linkages to help explore key questions such as ‘who the poor are’, ‘how they understand their poverty’ and ‘the role of the environment (and Important Bird Areas) in people’s livelihoods’.
Its purpose is to share experiences, and support lesson-learning within the BirdLife International Partnership. However, as the findings and conclusions are of broad relevance to those working on development, biodiversity conservation and livelihoods issues, it is also being offered to a wider audience.
Download the document (2.57 MB, PDF)
The availability and functioning of freshwater ecosystems have a significant impact on the livelihoods, health and security of the poor. Freshwater services include food, drinking water, building materials, nutrient recycling and flood control.
Furthermore, the harmful effects of ecosystem service degradation are often being borne disproportionately by the poor, and are in many cases the principal drivers of poverty and social conflict. It is therefore essential to recognize and integrate the links between freshwater resources management and livelihoods into freshwater conservation work.
This report presents four cases where the work of WWF and its partner organizations has not only successfully led to improved management of freshwater resources, but also significantly contributed to the improvement of livelihoods of poor local communities. The four cases are:
(1) the Working for Wetlands Project in South Africa; (2) the Dongting Lake Floodplain Restoration Project in China; (3) the Várzea Project in Brazil; and (4) the La Cocha Project in Colombia.
In the growing literature at the interface of rural livelihood improvement and conservation of natural forests, two overarching issues stand out: (1) How and to what extent use of forest resources do and can contribute to poverty alleviation and (2) How and to what extent poverty alleviation and forest conservation are and can be made convergent rather than divergent goals.
This article summarizes and evaluates the state-of-the-art knowledge in these domains of thought and identifies priorities for future research.
Download the paper (289 KB, PDF)
The Project is a sector loan within the Framework of the Government of Maldives' 6th National Development Plan (NDP). It is set within the context of the NDPs overarching theme of regional development and is focused on poverty reduction, community development and improvements in sanitation, solid waste management and land use planning. The Project has three components: (i) environmental management; (ii) land use planning and development; and (iii) capacity building.
The Project includes proposals to provide settled sewerage systems to three Focus Islands (Naifaru – Lhaviyani Atoll, Mahibadhoo – Alif Dhaal Atoll and Fonadhoo – Laamu Atoll) and at least 2 other Regional Growth Centres. It also includes a waste management strategy study and pilot project for introducing a sustainable approach to solid waste management based on re-use/recycling, to be implemented in Laamu Atoll Fonadhoo/Gan.
Forest and water issues have hit the news headlines over the past months. “Down with Trees” became one of the slogans after the release of the DFID report “From the Mountain to the Tap” and the FAO/CIFOR publication “Forests and Floods”. The excitement may be brought back to the simple observations that trees use water and that heavy rainfall causes floods.
The balance of public perceptions is swinging back and forth – from exaggerated expectations of what trees and reforestation can achieve (actively promoted as part of a ‘conservation’ agenda) and from false attribution of any downstream problem with water flows to the ‘deforestation’ activities by upland land users, we may go to the other extreme of ignoring the positive values of maintaining forested landscapes and well buffered river systems with riparian forests and wetlands.
The articles in this newsletter are grouped under four headings:
1. Perception gaps around forest and water, and multistakeholder negotiations
2. Highlights in forest hydrology
3. Livelihood issues and payments for environmental services
4 Case studies, including the special cases of peat swamp forests and riparian forests interacting with fish production