Urban Air Pollution and Urban Management: Applicability of Ecosystem Approach and the Way Forward
In response to the facts that some Asian developing countries were experiencing the fastest rate of industrialization and urbanization, several international initiatives called for a better and "sustainable" urban management. Development of management tools including strategic environmental assessment (SEA), life cycle assessment (LCA), cost benefit analysis (CBA), environmental management system (EMS) had widened a scope of traditional management remarkably. As a challenge to respond to these complex urban problems, an ecosystem approach was considered to be a powerful tool to achieve a holistic management.
By taking widely known ecosystem approach frameworks into consideration, this paper attempts to discuss on applicability of ecosystem approach to urban air pollution management. The review provides current knowledge on urban air pollution problems and pros and cons of urban and peri-urban agriculture as an example. In discussion, millennium ecosystem framework and human ecosystem frameworks are explored in terms of urban air pollution management.