Conceptual framework for municipal solid waste management in low-income countries
Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is a complex task which requires appropriate organizational capacity and cooperation between numerous stakeholders in the private and public sectors. Although it is essential to public health and environmental protection, solid waste management in most cities of developing countries is highly unsatisfactory.
The Conceptual Framework provides brief definitions of the main concepts of MSWM and identifies the goals and principles that normally guide MSWM system development. It discusses key objectives and issues which should be addressed by MSWM strategies with regard to political, institutional, social, financial, economic and technical aspects. MSWM is an important entry point for integrated urban management support; the Framework paper concludes by outlining possible directions for development cooperation.